USAA vs. Navy Federal: Two Solid Options for Military Members

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    As a thank you for their service to this country, members of the US Armed Forces have exclusive rights to a number of banking and financial institutions meant to care for their economic future. When it comes to investments, USAA and Navy Federal Credit Union are two of the best ones out there.

    Features, Fees & Ratings Comparison Table

    FeaturesUSAANavy Federal
    💰 Account Minimum$0$0
    💸 Commission Fees$0 for online stock and ETF trades, $0.65 per options contract$0 for online stock and ETF trades, $0.65 per options contract
    💼 Investment OptionsStocks, ETFs, mutual funds, bonds, CDs, options, futures, forexStocks, ETFs, mutual funds, bonds, CDs, options
    🤖 Robo-AdvisorNoNo
    📊 Research and AnalysisComprehensive tools and resources, including market data, charts, and newsLimited research and analysis tools
    📱 Mobile AppHighly-rated app with a wide range of features, including mobile check deposit and tradingMobile app with basic functionality
    🏦 Retirement AccountsYes (Traditional IRA, Roth IRA)Yes (Traditional IRA, Roth IRA)
    🎓 IRA AccountsYesYes
    📈 Trading PlatformNoNo
    📞 Customer Service24/7 customer support via phone, chat, and email24/7 customer support via phone, chat, and email
    📚 Educational ResourcesYes (articles, videos, webinars)Yes (articles, videos, webinars)
    🌕 Fractional SharesNoNo
    🌱 Socially ResponsibleNoNo
    🌎 International InvestingNoNo
    💳 Cash ManagementNoNo
    🔍 Margin TradingYes, with up to 50% marginYes, with up to 50% margin
    ⚙️ Options TradingYes, with $0 commission and $0 contract feeYes, with $0.65 per contract fee
    ₿ Cryptocurrency TradingNoNo
    🛡️ Account SecurityStrong account security measures, including two-factor authentication and biometric loginStrong account security measures, including two-factor authentication and biometric login
    💹 LeverageNoNo
    ⚖ RegulationRegulated by FINRA and SECRegulated by FINRA and SEC

    USAA vs. Navy Federal

    USAA and Navy Federal are two leading financial institutions that cater specifically to the needs of military personnel, veterans, and their families. Both organizations have a strong commitment to serving this unique demographic, offering a wide range of financial services, including banking, loans, insurance, and investment options. This comparison will provide an in-depth look at the pros and cons of each institution to help potential clients make an informed decision when choosing between USAA and Navy Federal.

    USAA

    USAA Logo

    USAA (United Services Automobile Association) is a financial institution that primarily serves military members, veterans, and their families. With a long-standing history and a strong reputation for excellent service, USAA offers a wide range of financial products, including banking, insurance, and investment services.

    Pros
    • Exclusive membership
    • Comprehensive financial services
    • Competitive rates
    • Highly rated customer service
    Cons
    • Limited eligibility
    • Limited physical branch locations

    USAA is a strong choice for eligible military members, veterans, and their families, offering competitive rates and exceptional customer service. However, its limited eligibility and physical locations may be a drawback for some potential clients.


    Navy Federal

    Navy Federal Credit Union is the largest credit union in the United States, serving active-duty, retired, and reserve military personnel, as well as their families and Department of Defense (DoD) civilians. Offering a wide array of financial services, Navy Federal is known for its commitment to its members and competitive rates.

    Pros
    • Large membership
    • Wide range of financial services
    • Competitive rates
    • Numerous branch locations
    Cons
    • Limited eligibility
    • Customer service

    Navy Federal is an excellent option for those who are eligible and prefer access to physical branch locations. With competitive rates and a comprehensive range of financial services, it is a solid choice for military personnel and their families. However, its limited eligibility and potentially lower customer service ratings compared to USAA may be a concern for some clients.


    Features & Primary Uses

    USAA (short for United Services Automobile Association) has been providing financial services to military members since 1922, and has 11.2 million members to date. Navy Federal, meanwhile, has been around since 1933, chiefly as a bank.

    Both USAA and Navy Federal provide investment options for military members and their families, in addition to providing banking (and in USAA’s case, some insurance) services. If you or a family member is in the Armed Forces, both companies provide security and reputable financial services for this specific population.

    One of the major things to consider about these particular investment solutions, particularly Navy Federal, is that their online presence is fairly limited compared to more conventional brokerage firms. USAA membership give you access to a web-based trading platform and several mobile apps that allows you to access your account from anywhere you might need.

    Navy Federal, meanwhile, largely relies on a basic, no-frills Web presence that doesn’t give you much in the way of tracking features, research data, or trader education. This is definitely evidence of its primary purpose as a bank and credit union; unlike USAA, they haven’t expanded as much into the realm of modern-day online brokerage.

    In addition to their basic investment options, USAA and Navy Federal provide some resources to allow its customers to educate themselves and research the best possible ways to maximize their portfolios. Navy Federal offers financial calculators, credit and debt calculators, free financial seminars, and personal finance counseling for their overall services.

    USAA’s aforementioned trading platforms, meanwhile, offer mobile access to trades and free automated phone trades, which is a bit more than you can really ask for with Navy Federal. This puts their functionality and flexibility slightly above Navy Federal, particularly for the modern investor who wants to get the most out of their portfolio.

    Investment Options

    Navy Federal provides members with the ability to set up investment accounts for retirements, or general brokerage accounts, as does USAA. Both also provide the ability to trade in stocks and bonds, as well as mutual funds. Navy Federal in particular has incredible support for IRAs and annuities, offering Traditional, Roth, SEP, MMSA & Savings, Certificates, and Trusteed IRAs for its customers.

    However, USAA provides a few more options for its customers in terms of asset classes, also allowing them to trade in futures, options and forex trading. While these aren’t usually the primary methods by which military members usually invest in the market, USAA offers this kind of flexibility if they choose to take advantage of it.

    USAA’s investment features are a bit more robust than Navy Federal, which offers more bare-bones content and accessibility to it through their website. USAA, for instance, have award-winning mutual funds that their members can customize quite easily, choosing among many different fund options using their platform.

    chart

    Fees

    Navy Federal undoubtedly has the better fee structures, perhaps some of the best in the business. At 5.5 million members, Navy Federal is the largest credit union in the country, and credit unions will usually provide you great rates.

    One worrisome thing about Navy Federal’s investment options, though, is that it’s rather hard to track down their stock and options fees; unlike USAA, they do not provide them on their website, and merely ask you to contact them by phone to speak to a financial advisor. As such, your brokerage accounts are handled through Investment Representatives, who make it harder to keep your own account under control.

    USAA’s fee and commission structure is still fairly good, especially compared to most investment firms available to the general public. Stocks and options come with a commission of $5.95 per trade (options add on a $0.75 fee per contract), and USAA has no annual account or inactivity fees. No minimum initial deposit is needed either, which makes it good for military families that want to start investing even though they don’t have much to start with.

    Another interesting advantage to USAA is that they lack a lot of fees that many other brokerage firms have. There are no charges for account transfers, maintenance, penny stocks of after-hours trading, for instance. The USAA Platinum Plan even offers you discounted commissions, provided you trade above the minimums they set.

    When picking plans through USAA, it’s important to recognize that the USAA Gold Plan, while it seems advantageous on the surface, is really quite expensive in terms of commissions compared to their competitors. While their additional fees are smaller, this can hurt you in terms of your overall expenditures, given your trading volume.

    USAA clearly wins this category, as Navy Federal’s lack of information without contacting them directly makes it difficult to discern what their commissions, fees and account maintenance rates may be.

    Asset Allocation

    When it comes to investments, however, both USAA and Navy Federal provide basic recommendations and education in the form of blog posts and the like about how best to diversify, a glossary of terms, etc.

    While this is admirable in both cases, USAA and Navy Federal have little in the way of online trading platforms and resources to help you with that asset allocation. Both do have financial advisors on hand to personally help you with these kinds of decisions, but in the case of Navy Federal that is practically all they offer. For those who are more hands-on investors, this can prove problematic.

    In fact, one major thing to consider about Navy Federal is that it seems they perform a lot of their investing through a third-party provider, Folio Investing. Navy Federal customers looking to find a more codified way to diversify their portfolios are encouraged to check them out and work through one of their 100-plus pre-made portfolios, as that is their primary means of asset allocation.

    Which Should You Pick? Who Is Each Good For?

    Both USAA and Navy Federal cater to members of the Armed Forces, so whichever one you choose, traders who are military members or family of military members can count on high-quality service and investment options with both companies. Navy Federal caters more specifically to members of the Navy, and those who live on Navy bases can gain easy access to their resources.

    For the most part, both USAA and Navy Federal (the latter, in particular) are best for investors who just want to get a basic plan set up and not have to think too much about it later. Due to the relative lack of robust investment tracking software and interfaces, investors have to leave a lot of their account maintenance to their financial advisors. That’s good, but not necessarily beneficial for those traders who want to be more active.

    Traders who value reputable customer service might do well to go with USAA, as their highly-rated customer service stands head and shoulders above Navy Federal, which has had some problems in the past with accessibility. Comparing 24/7 customer service (USAA) with what is effectively a single phone number to a financial advisor (Navy Federal) is no comparison at all.

    Despite the bare-bones nature of a lot of these company’s features, both USAA and Navy Federal are, in a general sense, equally good for members of the military and their families when it comes to setting up investments and credit. However, if you want something more modern, not to mention rates that you know about upfront, USAA might be the better choice.

    Conclusion

    In comparing USAA and Navy Federal, both financial institutions cater to a similar demographic and offer a wide range of financial services. While USAA is known for its excellent customer service, Navy Federal has more physical branch locations, providing greater accessibility for in-person banking. Both offer competitive rates on their products, and choosing between them ultimately depends on individual preferences and priorities.

    If a strong customer service reputation and a more exclusive membership are important factors, USAA may be the better choice. On the other hand, if access to physical branch locations and a larger credit union with more resources are priorities, Navy Federal might be the preferred option. In any case, both USAA and Navy Federal have proven to be reliable, trustworthy, and supportive financial institutions for military personnel, veterans, and their families. Potential clients should carefully consider their specific needs and preferences before making a decision.


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